The Broads: Phase 1.5 (W1 & W2)

Feedback – Tuesday 26th February 2019

Week 1 of Phase 1.5

Looking forward to this day to get my results for the hand-ins that took place a week earlier of this day I was rather disappointed but at the same time, I achieved a grade that was not worth being too disappointed over. In other words, I have achieved a grade of 68%, which is 2:1, 2% away from 70% for the First Class of 1:1.  I failed to meet my own personal expectations and I was really confident that I would get over 70 without a problem. The work that I thought was hard work let me down due to not being deep or analytical enough in the reflective aspect of my posts.

Jamie has told me that I should connect my ideas to do with further critical thinking such as coming up with my own hypothesis and theories, then connecting them with evidence or backup that runs along the same as my idea by quoting other people who said something or think something that implies what I am on the path of. I recall doing this last year, during the first year I have come up with my own hypothesis and theories. I’m not sure why I haven’t done it in for the unit when I should have. Last year I also have written things that I could have done after a project to do better.

The other very minor issue is I went over the word-count limit for my report, which was 120 words over the 10% wordcount that we initially have. It was a 3000-word report, 10% less or 10% more is the maximum. However, I exceeded the word count limit by 13-15% more. This is not big a problem as all I have to do next time is check my report and I could have done this if I wasn’t as confident as I was before submitting my work. I think over-confidence is one of the problems that I encountered, I was too confident. Everything needs to be in balance otherwise it will not only hurt me but also lower my grade.

In project briefs, we also receive the recommended text and material that we should look at and read. I have done that for some of my projects, but not all of them like I should have. Again, I don’t know why I haven’t looked. I think it’s a matter of having to do many things, so next time I will make sure to write this down and stick it on my wall. By reading or quoting the material that I read that proves to my university that I am capable of research and applying this research into the project I work on, therefore I will get a higher grade. It also shows and proves my eagerness to learn. Books are very important and I always have realized this, but this time I simply just didn’t do it on all the projects I worked on, which I am more than prepared to do so in the future and onwards.

The grade that I received is not bad at all, it’s the fact that I have failed to meet my own expectations. That is all it is. I have high standards for myself because I do not want to be an average designer. I don’t want to be average, and I hate it. It’s hard but I will push through.

These points are the highlights of the feedback I received, I do believe that summarizes the key issues of my submission. I will not dwell too much on the fact that I got 68%, otherwise, it will frustrate me and annoy me constantly. Instead, I will just take from the feedback and do what I could have done better. I will make sure that I apply the feedback into the next unit and on my future work, this way I will show my improvement and prove to myself that I can always get a first if I think critically more.

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Saturday 2nd March 2019

Coming back to university this week after the week off was interesting and enjoying, this is because the collaboration aspect or phase of the project has begun. Three students from Graphic Communications have joined Jason, Naomi, and I to deliver solutions and outcomes to meet the project brief of the Broads Authority. The three students are Zach, Chloe, and Corrina, including their tutor Amy. I have not collaborated in any projects during my period so far at NUA and so makes me even more eager and want to collab.

I met Corrina through Storehouse, as she is a Designer in the online team with Jason and me. Her work is great and she has a great understanding of Design. She has shown me her work through Instagram and I’m saying this because I am very confident that we will not collide as others, and should a problem happen with decision making, we will talk through it. Through my friends, I have heard how wrong collaborations can go due to un-compatible mindsets and wrong ways of approaching and dealing with conflicts. I also got to know Zach and Chloe for a bit, and they honestly seem to be compelling designers who show they have the skill and the capabilities of collaboration. I look forward to working with all three designers.

Collaborations and working on a project together towards one objective is key to learning how to co-work and operate in an office or a design environment of an agency or a company. You share ideas, communicate frequently, design together, and engage to come up with a functional solution that meets the objectives of the project. The aspect of sharing ideas and communicating frequently is a key aspect that I enjoy, it’s great to come together and put ideas on the table. It helps to broaden my design perspective, as well as my knowledge and experience. I will also have assistance on hand should I at some point be stuck with designing or need ideas that support my idea.

On Thursday, what has happened is our first initial contact with Amy and the three designers, and they have been briefed about the project with Jamie explaining to them the project and on the other side Naomi, Jason, and I presented the presentation to them informally. This is the presentation that we have done for the broads.

Friday – 1st of March 2019 – Field Trip

This is a picture of a mill taken at Harrington Marshes

The Woods

This is a sign stating that there’s an inn, good method of advertising for people coming through with their boats

What Happened During The Day

The images above are pictures taken at the locations we have visited. Very insightful history has been shared and spoken by Nick, who gave a good understanding of these locations and some of the important histories that have taken place in these areas. While it is important to understand and have some knowledge about these areas, I do not feel it is a priority for me as a designer to remember this information and store in my mind. Unfortunately, I do not remember many things that Nick has said, but what he has shared has allowed me to familiarise myself with these places and locations.

During the visit to these locations, I felt very tranquil, connected, peaceful, relaxed, and engaged with the beautiful aspects of nature that this world has to offer. The trees, the grounds, the roots, the soil, the waters, and the lakes are all factors that have contributed to my feelings of ease as we wandered through nature. During the Walk of these locations, I found myself to reflect and engage with my personal feelings of the past. When you are surrounded by Nature, you forget the City Life and the noise that it has. Psychologists and science have proven that when you are around nature, dopamine is released and therefore you feel relaxed and calm.

Aside from that, an important event that has occurred is, while walking at one of these locations that we have visited, we encountered a group of people who were performing a walk from Great Yarmouth to the location they were heading to. I cannot remember the location they were heading to, however, we had the opportunity to chat with them for a couple of minutes about their work and their journey. The most important of all is we asked them how often and if they engaged with their phones, and yes indeed it turns out they did. They did state that digital experiences that would contribute to the walk and enlighten them about the history of that has taken place in the area would be great and beneficial, including insightful and entertaining.

The Augmented Reality Experience – Lost Roman Capital

After visiting the first three locations I believe, we had lunch which I thought was quite delicious and the chance to get to know the graphic design collaborators more. After lunch, a key location that I really thought was entertaining was the lost Roman capital. This is because we downloaded an app that Jamie had to specifically get the name of that offered an exciting augmented reality experience. This experience consisted of finding items around the area we were in, which was relatively quick and then you could proceed by walking into a Roman Village where you would start questing.

However there were several issues that have been encountered throughout the experience,

– sometimes randomly you would get a message stating that the map has lost direction
– random character bugs
– the app would crash

And small things like this, regardless, the overall experience was exciting and really fun. While you were collecting the items you would see an effect or an animation particle that takes place hinting that there is an artifact. This straight off has set fire to my creative juices because I thought it was really appealing and I liked it.

The sign above also had a problem, including the website. You’d be taken to a link that is broken and doesn’t work. The app itself was also not available in the android play store, so they really need to address these problems because what if people who visit this location have come just for the AR experience and end up realizing it doesn’t work and they are being misled? would definitely cause issues – I do believe this will be addressed in the final product of this project.

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What I thought that was interesting is how you can communicate and collect information while performing activities that involve outdoors, this is because, after the engagement with this group of people, it made me think back to the days of performing the survey in Norwich market. I find it relevant because the goal of a survey is to collect information and research that would help you with meeting the project objectives. So perhaps, one day if I do go through a walk at the Broads I could try the same thing since I lack this skill. At the same time, I am still in conflict with regards to prioritizing the aspects of my role as an interaction designer. I’ve always believed and still do believe that the conduction of user research and UX is irrelevant to me because my job is to take the research that has been done by UX designers and digest just as much as I can.

In other words what I’m saying is, is I’m glad my course mates of UX design are conducting the research and I will be applying the research to the product that I design for the project along with the graphic design communication collaborators.

Internet Speed using 4G at Carlton Marshes

The internet speed throughout all the locations we visited was between 1mb-10mb on the EE network. It also depended on the location you are in, but in general, it was still okay and I had no problem loading images on Instagram and using social media. Overall, it was a great day and I am looking forward to designing and working with the rest of the team. Despite being the internet slow, you could still access the essentials without a problem.

To end this entry, here’s a nice picture with the Designers and my coursemate Jason.

End of Week 1 of Phase 1.5


Week 2 of Phase 1.5

Thursday 7th March 2019

So far this week has been quite busy for me. From being busy developing the Storehouse Online website, which you can see the version that I am building and updating overtime at https://www.aashhab.design/storehouse to working on this project and dealing with potential clients on my own time for freelancing purposes.

On Tuesday the 5th of March, the session with Jamie involved discussing the plan for the next few coming weeks as well being briefed on the project that includes writing a 1000 word research proposal for writing my dissertation next year. The project also contained the next steps and the things we will be doing for the broads project. The things that I will be doing next are as follows:

  • Develop selected experiences as prototypes

I think this involves dealing with the previous concepts and prototypes that I have designed, and then selecting the particular experiences that were enjoyed the most as ideas, or in fact all of the experienced and developing them even further to match the needs of this project and the clients.

  • Develop the website prototype and conduct user testing

Jamie has mentioned we will need to conduct prototype tests at the location we select for this project and then internal testing at the UX lab. Which means off-site testing (at the location) and on-site testing (at the UX Lab). This could also involve A/b testing and other methodologies of our choice as long as it’s reasonable and will help to enhance our prototypes and development.

  • Test experiences with potential users in the lab and in the Angles Way location

This involves gathering users or asking users if they can spare us some of their time at the UX lab to have them test the prototypes to ensure they can actually understand the app and how to use it. The testers could perhaps be our friends in the other courses such as Graphics, FCP, and more. We also need to do the same thing with other groups of testers at the Angles Way location.

  • Feedback and discussion with the client

Now, of course, this is important, all the work that we would have done through time will then need to be presented to the stakeholders, perhaps even a presentation and have tried out the prototypes. After that, we will receive feedback and perform changes/adjustments if asked to do so to ensure the product we deliver is at it’s best.

Further on, an important thing that Jamie has mentioned is while developing the website or the app is that James may possibly be available, or I believe he said that he will be available, to help us with developing some parts of the project should we get on stuck something crucial. While I do appreciate the help, I intend to enhance my problem-solving skills by researching and re-developing should I be stuck with an issue. Until I feel as if I have tried everything, then I will ask for help.  I think it’s important as a Developer & a Designer to be able to solve your problems by yourself without asking for help to boost your capabilities and knowledge in your field.

Back in year 1 I remember asking for James’s help whenever I got stuck immediately, sometimes that is, without actually trying to solve the problem that I am having, mainly it was development wise. Simply, that is wrong to do and does not fully utilize the situation to my advantage in order to boost my skills and critical thinking in problem-solving. The key to problem-solving is identifying that there is a problem and then finding the root of the problem by relying on your code editor to tell you, if it can, or using the development tools in your browser, such as Google Chrome Developer tools through the console log. You can then clear the issue by conducting tests and editing your code as needed.

MarziPano Lite 360-degree Viewer App

Link to Libraryhttp://www.marzipano.net/

360° media viewer for the modern web. Supports all major desktop browsers and mobile devices. Embraces standard web technologies and provides a powerful Javascript API.

Today’s session with Jamie involved a very important introduction of the library we will be using for the development of the app. This is a 360-degree image viewer library. It’s written in HTML/CSS/ & Vanilla Javascript.

The video above is a demonstration of how MarziPano exactly works. It works on both pc and mobile, however, since the main focus is mobile here, we do not have to worry about desktop unless in future we decide to make this work on the website as well for people who want to experience this at home or on their phones wherever and whenever they feel like it.

Today in the session as well Jamie explained how it works, and I was really interested because when it comes to complex or functionalities in this form I get intrigued and would like to know how it works. This is what I was fond off…is the fact that an image is taken and takes the shape of a sphere! that is what it makes look 3D. An image is taken, then a scene is created where the image is bent.

var viewer = new Marzipano.Viewer(document.getElementById('pano'))

- As we can see the line of code above is what creates a new 
Marzipano view in a HTML element by the ID of Pano.

var deviceOrientationControlMethod = new DeviceOrientationControlMethod();

- controls for a new declaration of a Marzipano view.

var controls = viewer.controls();
controls.registerMethod('deviceOrientation', deviceOrientationControlMethod);
var geometry = new Marzipano.EquirectGeometry([{

- This creates a Equirect geometry for the image to take shape off.

width: 1024
}]);
var limiter = Marzipano.RectilinearView.limit.traditional(1024, 100 * Math.PI / 180);

- Due to circles being mathematically PIE which is 3.14 etc...this is using
 PIE to construct the geometrical shape of a circle.

var view = new Marzipano.RectilinearView({
yaw: Math.PI
}, limiter);
var source = Marzipano.ImageUrlSource.fromString(
"img/Veste_Oberhaus.jpg"
);

- The .jpg above is where you place the image you'd like to have a 
360 degree view.
// Create scene.
var scene = viewer.createScene({
source: source,
geometry: geometry,
view: view,
pinFirstLevel: true
});
// initiates view
scene.switchTo();
// add hotspots
scene.hotspotContainer().createHotspot(document.querySelector("#reveal"), {
yaw: -2.6,
pitch: 0.1
});
scene.hotspotContainer().createHotspot(document.querySelector("#textInfo1"), {
yaw: 0.1,
pitch: 0.13
});
scene.hotspotContainer().createHotspot(document.querySelector("#textInfo2"), {
yaw: -0.8,
pitch: 0.03
});

- The creation of hotspots, this is what you write whenever you'd like to create a button
for a particular area of the image that is triggered upon clicking/hovering.
- The coordinates are based on the valaue of PI

Responsiveness

Here’s my course mate UX Designer Jason, testing whether the MarziPano library works on all devices. Great news, yes it does! Tested on a tablet, Windows surface, iPhones, etc… this means we will not have a problem supporting all kinds of smartphones and people will be able to enjoy the experience.

In conclusion, this library will be or is one of our key resources to ensuring the success of this project, because it’s one of the main features that the app will have a 360-degree view.

Samsung Gear 360

 

This is a tool that has been provided today for experimentation. Jamie has shown us that it is a great starting tool to help us take images of the location that we will be working once the decision has been made. How it works is it takes two images, there is a camera in the front and in the back. You then can photoshop the image to make into an Equirect or use an online tool like Nadir Stitch where you upload the image and it will make it into an equirectangular. Its technology is limited because there are other advanced technologies out there such as GoPro that can make the image an equirectangular immediately upon capturing an image.

The Samsung Gear 360 produces images like this

These two focal points can deliver one picture that is 360 degrees wide. There is Samsung programming that can be utilized to do this naturally, yet the Gear 360 is intended to be utilized with a cell phone – so this product is an application. It might be conceivable to do this in Adobe Photoshop.

This is where Adobe Photoshop comes in…

Upon using Nadir Stitch, you can see the problems in the image already. The holder/wire of the Samsung Gear 360 is being shown, the tiles at the bottom trying to connect look really off and blurry, including a few other minor errors. This can all be fixed with Photoshop using the clone Stamp Tool and using the erase tool efficiently to make sure it looks a lot more realistic.

I personally think it’s a great tool overall, although it does not particularly motivate me or encourage me to make the investment of purchasing the Samsung 360 camera. If I was a photographer, I would have felt more of the reason as to why I would consider buying it, but in general, I have no interest in photography. Maybe in the future, I’d purchase a camera to learn the fundamentals of photography, that will help me in UI/Product Design, but at this moment I am not wanting to do so.

The Plan For Broads Project

The above video is an overview of the project plan and schedule that my course mates and I have set, along with Jamie I believe. The cards are reminders or are a representation of the information that needs to keep in mind. A card or two also contains decisions that we need to make. These decisions are important and must be considered carefully for the next steps to take through the project.

Card reminders and to-do’s for the Boards Project using Trello

An example is a card tagged with “8 March” in yellow. The text is written is “Decide on a location to focus on”.  Until now we have not made a decision yet on what location to focus on due to waiting on a response from the client according to what Jamie, my lecturer has said. The client is going through personal matters and we will need to wait a bit for a response. Jamie has said he has the number of the boss’s client, so he may get in touch to assist with making a decision since time is running on this matter. You can clearly see that there is quite a list of things that have to be done and kept in mind. But I believe in the people I am working with and I’m sure we will produce work of excellence, nothing less than high standards.

An arrangement has been this week to meet with the Designers today at 4 pm and we discussed the project further and they all showed us the work they have done so far in regards to coming up with brand identity solutions and potential graphics related ideas. I was very interested in seeing what they have produced because they are great designers and there is always room for improvement, so constructive criticism has been in my mind to provide the strong points of their design, along with the weak points on the contrary.

The research and the work that all three have gathered was great, Zach has done typography work on how the logo could look should it be finalized, and the rest have done start-up research on logos and brand identities. It’s only the beginning of the project for them so they still need some time. As well, their tutor has not yet looked at the work they have done, so they will be seeing her soon for feedback before the next steps.

Overleaf, Latex Editor

Today we also had a 1-hour session with Doctor Aaron about Overleaf, which is an online latex editor, what it does is, is enhance your experience when you’re writing a report, essay, dissertation, or any kind of document. It’s like a form of code editing, but instead, you use that code to help you with writing what you need to. It is very powerful because, instead of you having to set font sizing, bibliographies, citations, headlines, titles, and many other things to do with manually having to do things, it does it for you.

This session has been provided to help us with writing our dissertations for next year, and honestly, it’s a great tool. Very powerful what you can do with it. Export as a

Citations file formats are available in the *.bib format, which Overleaf uses. The code in those files is displayed as JSON, all you need to do afterward is upload the file to your overleaf and then you can place it in your bibliography!

Here’s what some of the code does:

\section{Introduction}

- This adds a new section to your document. 

\tableofcontents

- Creates a well formatted table of contents for you, very neat and simple.
Quotation from the source here (\cite{uidesign}).

\bibliography{agsm} \bibliography{bibliography}

– This places a citation in your bibliography section

Overall, this website is amazing and it’s great. Definitely an advancement and way better than using Microsoft Word. A funny statement made by Doctor Aaron is the following: “Microsoft is for Kids, Latex Editor is for Adults”. After seeing these features I can definitely understand why this is for adults or rather for older people. I will definitely be using this for my proposal, dissertation, and all future documents and report that I write.


Friday 8th March 2019

Today was really a busy day, from researching and developing to collaborating with the designers further on identifying a suitable color scheme for the upcoming poster/identity for the Broads Project. Throughout the day a lot of thinking and thoughts have happened, perhaps this could have been one of the busiest days for me this week, at the same time I thought it was intellectual and enjoying, despite the fact that Thursday and Wednesday I could not get enough sleep due to being busy with work. So I came in today feeling tired during the morning, but then I felt way better once it was mid-day, particularly after lunch. Do you know how everyone says food makes you happy? well, that was the case for me 😀

Here’s What Happened Today

MarziPano

The gif above demonstrates some of the editing work that I have done to the hot spot buttons. I am still not happy with it and will keep investigating and experimenting with designing the hot spot buttons further. Why am I not happy? because it doesn’t look good to me, and it doesn’t look good because it’s white and boring. The original design was worse, it was just white on hovering as well, but I added a “+” to add emphasis to the button, as well changed the colors on hover or on click to blue, makes it look more colorful in a way.

Here’s code showing how I edited the hot spot buttons.

<div id='textInfo2' class='textInfoHolder'>
  <div class="textInfo">
    <div class="hotspot">

The div class hotspot shows there's a class in the stylesheet named hot spot,
where the styling has occured

      <div class="out"></div>

This is the outer circle, the thin circle that acts like a border

      <div class="in">

This is the inner circle, the big circle containing the "+"

       <p>+</p>

Instead of using an icon, why not just insert a + through the keyboard as text?
     
</div>
    </div>
    <div class="tooltip-content">
      <p>This tower is more interesting than the wall and you get a better view from here.</p>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

.textInfo .hotspot:hover .out {
  border: 5px solid rgb(64, 131, 165);

Changing the color to blue, the pseudo :hover targets the element on 
hover state, this is outer part of the circle

  -webkit-transform: scale(0.9);
  -moz-transform: scale(0.9);
  -ms-transform: scale(0.9);
  transform: scale(0.9);
  color: #fff;
}

.textInfo .hotspot:hover .in {
  background-color: rgb(64, 131, 165);

Changing the color to blue, the pseudo :hover targets the element on 
hover state, this is inner part of the circle

  border: transparent;
  -webkit-transform: scale(0.9);
  -moz-transform: scale(0.9);
  -ms-transform: scale(0.9);
  transform: scale(0.9);
}

That is pretty much for it the code, quite basic and straight forward.  Now it’s time for the research aspect and potential designs for the hot spot buttons. This exploration is on-going.

This is a collection of images or rather a small mood board that I found highlighting hot spot button designs. I personally really enjoyed the futuristic concepts, the yellow buttons and the first image at the top left. However, that design language may be irrelevant to this project because we need a simple design that is visually appealing, but also nice to look at and it does the job it needs to do. That is making users want to click on it. The three remaining images are simpler and cleaner, so I was thinking of making a decision based on the top right image. The visual language of the top right image is by far more relevant to the broads project and matches the required standards.

I will have to keep playing and experimenting with the hots spots further to see what I can come up with. It is also important to keep in mind that nitpicking on the hot spot buttons is not a priority since of course there are a lot more important things that I need to focus on rather than a button. I can focus on it later once the important aspects of the app/website have been done and established.

Grid Discussion & Libraries

The grid concept is based on my previous design, which is this animation that I have done:

Due to the clients liking the concept and idea, we will work on this as a base. Out of the idea, a grid system will be in place for users to swipe and drag through to view information based on history and the people of the location. To make this easier to understand and comprehend here’s an image and a video:

Each grid cell will be filled with information for the users to read, keep in mind that each cell will also be full width and height depending on the devices. In other words full screen. This is to show you how the idea could or will work.

This is a video showing the potential interaction of dragging and swiping through the grid cells. I’ve made this in Sketch & Adobe Aftereffects.

We are wanting to implement this for all three themes potentially. However, the challenges currently set is finding a library that can do this. It can be done using GSAP if you know Javascript at an intermediate/advanced level. I do not know how to write javascript at an advanced level since explained previously as to why. My priorities are on design and animation, with Frontend Development, but Javascript to be set at a level because I feel my mind is going to explode due to the number of things I’d like to do. I do believe I will be advancing my JS skills and expertise in the summer, once I can free myself.

My coursemate Jason and Jamie have spent time searching for Libraries as well, we all sat in the same room and began the hunt, but so far we could not find anything until…Jason has stated that he could code this from scratch himself. Sounds like a wizard indeed. 

The gif image above is a demonstration of what Jason has made. I think it’s a very good start because all we need to do now is add dragging and swiping to the system. However, we also need to make sure it works smoothly across all devices. Jason has stated that there are several issues on other devices, but these issues will be addressed very soon. I see a lot of potential in what he has made so far, and with Jamie’s help with further investigation and experimentation, we will be able to get further and further with this.

The code is available to look at herehttp://www.jasonbrown.nuacomputerscience.co.uk/sources/grid/js/main.js

It’s well documented and clean, well structured and understandable. There are comments that also tell you what each function or line of code does. Commenting also help users with basic Javascript knowledge understand how the code has been written and how the whole system works.

The Designers

The collaboration with the Designers involved a lot of independent work or instead, I’d like to say grouping. Most of the time the three designers were sat together working on the brand identity and trying to find good colors that worked with the typography they have made. Their frustration was quite funny and hilarious as they were working with us in the room all day. They asked for our opinions every time, this is to help them come up with a conclusion and a decision. It was actually quite tough for them as they went through many, many, and many color schemes. Jamie also got the students to investigate different design languages such as Google’s Material Design to help them come up with the identities and element styles.

Chloe’s been working on creating a collage of images that produce a complete Herringfleet Mill image that looks really cool and could be a great landing screen or loading screen image. She and Zach went out today and bought a lot of magazines and did the same thing, trying to create a collage of landscape images to form a big image of the landscape. Corrina designed leaflets and posters as well as playing the typeface of Zach and seeing how the text could best be stylised.

At the moment my course mates and I are involved in giving the designers opinions and thoughts. I think however, as for me, I will be directly involved in the design of the app with them.

The conclusion of the week

This weekend’s been really busy as you can see clearly, it was spent very productively. A lot of things have had to have been happening here and there. Collaborating, designing, discussing, developing, and researching. Attending Dr. Aarons session in regards to Overleaf and thinking about my research proposal etc..there are several things to tackle for the remaining 2 months until deadlines which is the 10th of May. This is only for 2 months! the year is passing by really quick, and it’s amazing that only 1 year left before I graduate.

But other than that, what’s next is to continue working and researching this project. I look forward to making further development advancements and collaborating with the designers.

End of Week 2 of Phase 1.5


Bibliography

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Imaginenext.ingrammicro.com. (2019). 5 Benefits of Collaboration in the Workplace. [online] Available at: https://imaginenext.ingrammicro.com/trends/october-2017/5-benefits-of-collaboration-in-the-workplace [Accessed 9 Mar. 2019].

Smartsheet. (2019). How Workplace Collaboration Can Change Your Company. [online] Available at: https://www.smartsheet.com/how-workplace-collaboration-can-change-your-company [Accessed 7 Mar. 2019].